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Interoperability between P8I and MH-60R and Sea Guardian: Know more

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The Indian Navy is already utilizing the P-8I for the finishing up anti-submarine warfare and surveillance. Picture: Boeing Firm

Even because the Indian Navy is anticipating the approval for Excessive Altitude Lengthy Endurance Drones from the US based mostly Normal Atomics, six extra P-8I Patrol plane from Boeing Firm are anticipated later this 12 months. The Indian Navy is already within the midst of inducting 4 P-8Is which have been contracted below the offset clause in 2016. As reported earlier these plane are a part of the 312A Naval Air Squadron based mostly at Arakkonam in Tamil Nadu.

Drones for the Indian Navy

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In response to sources, “When the subsequent Defence Acquisition Council assembly takes place the deal for procuring 10+10+10=30 drones from the US based mostly Normal Atomics is anticipated to be on the agenda. The 30 drones deal price roughly USD 3 billion are for the three companies.”

The MQ-9 Reaper or Predator-B Excessive Altitude Lengthy Endurance (HALE) drones, have already been authorised on the market to India by the US administration. The drones can have totally different configurations because the payloads for every service is totally different.

Final 12 months the Indian Navy had leased two Sea Guardian drones from the US Firm through the ongoing stand-off between the armies of India and China.

How will these drones assist in the surveillance of the Indian Ocean Area (IOR)?

The Indian Navy is already utilizing the P-8I for the finishing up anti-submarine warfare and surveillance, as soon as the Sea Guardians are inducted, geared up with missiles and radars are going to additional strengthen the Navy’s maritime reconnaissance. With these drones the navy will likely be ready to additional broaden it’s monitoring of the IOR, and perform surveillance of its coastal boundaries and property.

How will these assist the Indian Navy?

Eyes within the Sky goes so as to add extra to Indian Navy’s prowess within the sea. And, one other crucial facet that must be highlighted is that the QUAD (the US, Japan, India and Australia) are already working P-8I, and the MH-60R helicopters. India will not be working the MH-60R and is awaiting its arrival, apparently, all of the QUAD nations have an interest within the Sea Guardian drones.


As soon as the Sea Guardians be part of the Navy, they are going to fly in sync with the P-8i, the MH-60R helicopters.

All of the three are from the US based mostly corporations and since in 2018 each Indian and the US have inked the Communications Compatibility and Safety Settlement (COMCASA), all of the US origin platforms will get encrypted programs. It will additional enhance their capabilities, as this can take the interoperability between the three property to the subsequent degree. And, when joint workouts happen not solely with the US, however with the QUAD and the subsequent Malabar train, the drills will likely be

Skilled Views: Interoperability between P8I and MH-60R

Milind Kulshreshtha, C4I, tells Monetary Specific On-line, “MH-60R are multi-mission maritime helicopters designed for Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and Anti-Floor Warfare (ASuW) with the C4I capabilities. The operational capabilities of such airborne property are enhanced multi-fold after they function as part of the Fleet Job Power at sea. These specialised helicopters have the potential to interact targets that are even over-the-horizon.”

In response to the C4I professional, “P-8Is themselves are a complicated airborne platform with in-built inter-operability capabilities, making them a multi mission plane with C4I based mostly Idea of Operations. The P-8I plane possess air borne Anti-submarine Warfare (ASW) capabilities and may detect unknown submarines and ships lurking within the waters. It might additionally launch submarine detection sonobuoys (energetic and passive varieties) as a part of ASW operations to even discover the submarines that are under the water floor.”

“In a well-coordinated method, through the Fleet operations, P-8I and MH-60R can collectively present the ASW display cowl to the fleet ships. ASW air property are important for any fleet transferring on the excessive seas, else the Fleet ships are susceptible to a shock underwater assault by a stealth submarine of an adversary. The aviation models can open out to ranges that are farther past the warship’s on-board sonars, and supply a greater submarine detection likelihood. Thus, these air property present an ASW display, with an intent to detect and neutralize any hostile submarine earlier than it closes-in to a variety conducive for it to fireside a torpedo. For instance, a P-8I can’t solely detect a goal, however can classify and assault it by utilizing on-board torpedoes and depth fees. The aviation models like P-8Is and MH-60R are platforms to not solely detect subs, but in addition fireplace torpedoes to destroy them effectively earlier than these targets even pop up on the sonar show of the fleet ships,” Mr Kulshreshtha, explains.


“Because the MH-60R helicopters can take part in operational missions as a part of the Fleet Job Power deck launched property, a digital communication over a safe encrypted knowledge hyperlink channel is crucial inside the net-units. Therefore, the Tactical Knowledge Hyperlink between the collaborating warships/submarines of the Job Power and aviation property is established. As and when the land launched P-8Is fly in to take part inside the Fleet Job Power operations, a tactical data-link connection is established with the P-8I maritime aircrafts and this makes these plane part of the net-units which is now managed by the Flagship. With this, now the MH-60R and P-8Is can share the Widespread Working Image (COP) in actual time method in order to plan and execute missions with a shared goal, in shut coordination with the warships of the Job Power. Thus, the Fleet Commander now has a greater tactical image to enhance the effectiveness of the assets at his disposal at sea,” he provides.

“When the Indo-US Communications, Compatibility and Safety Settlement (COMCASA) to allow interoperability between U.S. and Indian Armed Forces shall be applied, the MH-60R, P-8Is and Indian Navy warships would have the ability to function as a part of the digital community of the QUAD Navies, with NATO specified protocols suitable to US Hyperlink-22/Hyperlink-16 knowledge hyperlink,” he concludes.

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