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Biodiversity loss: India has lost 90% of area under four biodiversity hotspots, 25 species extinct, finds study

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A key problem that has put fires in danger is the forest fires, which have been fairly excessive for the reason that starting of the 12 months

Biodiversity in India: Over 90% of the world underneath the biodiversity hotspots in India have been misplaced. India has 4 biodiversity hotspots and 90% of this space has been misplaced, in keeping with the Centre for Science and Surroundings’s (CSE) new report entitled ‘State of India’s Surroundings in Figures 2021’. As per the info compiled within the report, the Indo-Burma hotspot is the worst affected and has misplaced 95% of its vegetation space, going from 23.73 lakh sq km to 1.18 lakh sq km. One other worrying side is that in these 4 hotspots, 25 species have additionally develop into extinct.

Also read | Bad air quality, non-biodegradable waste biggest threats for environment; Dhruv Bhatnagar, DB Life Sciences

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In India, 1,212 animal species are monitored by the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its Pink Record, and over 12% of those species – 148 – are endangered. Among the many endangered species are 69 mammals, 23 reptiles in addition to 56 amphibians.

A key problem that has put fires in danger is the forest fires, which have been fairly excessive for the reason that starting of the 12 months, the report mentioned. Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh are among the many 16 states which have witnessed a rise on this side. By Might 1 this 12 months, as many as 4.33 lakh forest fires had been recorded, though the season for forest fires nonetheless had one other month remaining. To place this in perspective, 2016 was the most popular 12 months on document and India’s annual temperature that 12 months rose 0.71 levels Celsius above regular. That 12 months, the nation witnessed 5.41 lakh forest fires, the utmost recorded within the decade.

What provides to the concern is that this 12 months, the climate has been unusually heat, and final monsoon had seen 8.7% surplus rainfall leaving the climate adequately humid for forest fires to unfold.

Not solely that however 14 states or UTs within the nation have additionally registered a drop in carbon retention companies or carbon sequestration. Carbon sequestration refers to the long run removing or capturing of carbon from the environment to manage or mitigate world warming, and that is performed naturally utilizing organic, bodily and chemical processes. A decline in these companies means a decline within the capturing of carbon dioxide from the environment. Conserving such companies in place is necessary to minimise the impression of human actions on the surroundings.

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