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Green hydrogen: MNRE mulls purchase obligations on fertiliser firms, refineries

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The government is looking for ways to increase the penetration of domestic green hydrogen in industries which otherwise import natural gas and ammonia to produce hydrogen. (Representative image)The federal government is on the lookout for methods to extend the penetration of home inexperienced hydrogen in industries which in any other case import pure fuel and ammonia to provide hydrogen. (Consultant picture)

To kick-start a home hydrogen eco-system within the nation, the Union ministry of latest and renewable vitality (MNRE) has circulated a draft Cupboard word for inter-ministerial session to place inexperienced hydrogen consumption obligations on fertiliser producers and petroleum refiners. In keeping with sources, obligations might be imposed on these consumer industries between FY24 and FY30.

Photo voltaic and wind vegetation can produce inexperienced hydrogen via electrolysis, a course of whereby the electrical energy generated is put in water to create hydrogen and oxygen.

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The federal government is on the lookout for methods to extend the penetration of home inexperienced hydrogen in industries which in any other case import pure fuel and ammonia to provide hydrogen. Nonetheless, given the present excessive prices and lack of supporting infrastructure, consultants have famous that the federal government has to beat a quantity to challenges to pave the way in which for this new type of vitality.

Imported ammonia now prices about $327 per tonne, whereas ammonia produced from inexperienced hydrogen might price round $600 per tonne for fertiliser vegetation. It was not instantly clear if MNRE has instructed any provision to scale back the affect of upper prices.

The nation presently consumes about 5-6 million tonne of hydrogen yearly. MNRE on Could 31 has additionally circulated the draft ‘Nationwide Hydrogen Power Mission’ doc for inter-ministerial session, aiming to create a hydrogen value-chain within the nation and convey down the prices of hydrogen manufacturing. In keeping with sources, the federal government was additionally planning to make use of 2,000 mega-watt (MW) photo voltaic and wind energy capability for hydrogen manufacturing. Aside from industrial use, hydrogen know-how may also be used to retailer electrical energy and doubtlessly to run autos.

Reliance Industries and NASDAQ-listed and international vitality participant Chart Industries had launched the India H2 Alliance (IH2A) earlier this yr to construct the hydrogen financial system and provide chain within the nation. On Wednesday, IH2A mentioned that it has included JSW Steel, CSIR-Nationwide Chemical substances Laboratory, Scottish Improvement Worldwide and suppose tanks — TERI, CEEW and WRI India — as its members.

State-run energy generator NTPC has signed an MoU with Siemens for inexperienced hydrogen manufacturing from the corporate’s renewable vitality vegetation. Indian Oil Corporation can also be within the means of organising hydrogen manufacturing vegetation in its refineries, and function 15 hydrogen gasoline cell buses in Delhi NCR area.

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